Water Conditioning & Filtration
WATER SOFTENER SIZING CHART
|NUMBER OF PEOPLE IN THE HOUSE|
|1 to 2 People||3 to 4 People||5 to 6 People||7 to 8 People|
|HARDNESS IN GRAINS PER GALLON|
|0 - 10 Gal.||24,000GR||24,000GR||32,000GR||40,000GR|
|11 - 20 Gal.||24,000GR||32,000GR||40,000GR||48,000GR Lake Michigan Water is 11 Grains per Gal.|
|21 - 30 Gal.||32,000GR||40,000GR||48,000GR||64,000GR|
|31 - 40 Gal.||40,000GR||48,000GR||64,000GR||80,000GR|
|41 - 50 Gal.||64,000GR||80,000GR||96,000GR||110,000GR|
|51 - 75 Gal.||64,000GR||80,000GR||110,000GR||110,000GR|
|76 - 100 Gal.||80,000GR||96,000GR||110,000GR||110,000GR|
Water Hardness Map
Types of Water Treatment Systems
- The first type of system is a sediment filter. The sediment filter removes large sediment before gets in to your drinking water. It is always a good idea to put a sediment filter in before any of our units, because it will prevent sediment getting into the systems and causing damage.
- The second and most common type of residential water treatment system is a water softener. Water softeners are used primarily to remove water hardness which is the white build-up that you see on your dishes and plumbing fixtures. Water softeners can also remove small amounts of clear iron, known as ferrous iron.
Hard water will in time clog the pipes in your home as well as clog your appliances.
- The third type of system is a carbon filter. Carbon filters are used to improve the taste, smell and color of the water.
- The fourth type of system is an iron filter. An iron filters primary job is to remove red iron (ferric iron), clear iron and most iron filters can remove manganese and hydrogen sulfide as well. Hydrogen sulfide is present when your water smells like rotten eggs.
- The fifth type of system is a reverse osmosis system. A reverse osmosis improves the taste, color and odor of the water. Bottled water is made with large reverse osmosis systems. Reverse osmosis systems are the front runner in making your water taste the best.
- The sixth type of system that we sell is a PH filter. A Calcite Ph filter raises the ph of acidic water. Acidic water is a Ph of 6.5 or less. If your water is acidic it can actually eat through your pipes and plumbing fixtures.
- The seventh type of system we offer is a tannin filter. Tannins are break down of organics such as leaves that get into the water. Tannins cause the water to look yellow a lot like tea. Tannins are found mainly in heavily forested areas near lakes and streams.
- The eighth type of system is a Ultra Violet light system. The Ultra Violet Light system, better known as UV, kills bacteria in the drinking water.
What is "Hard water"?
Hard water is probably the most common water problem found in the home. Water described as "hard" is high in dissolved minerals, specifically calcium and magnesium. As water moves through soil and rock, it dissolves very small amounts of minerals and holds them in solution. Calcium and magnesium dissolved in water are the two most common minerals that make water "hard". The degree of hardness becomes greater as the calcium and magnesium content increases. Hard water is not a health risk; in fact, its mineral content makes it healthy for your body. Hard water as defined by wikipedia is water that has high mineral content. This content usually consists of high levels of metal ions, mainly calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) in the form of carbonates, but may include several other metals as well as bicarbonates and sulfates. Untreated hard water can leave the skin feeling dry; this is caused from the calcium and magnesium sticking to the skin.
What is hard water scale?
Untreated hard water can form scale when the calcium and magnesium precipitate out of the water and stick to things. Scale is not a good conductor of heat therefore the scale that forms on water heaters can cause the water heater to become inefficient. Scale can also stick to the inside of household plumbing reducing water flow and in some extreme cases stopping water flow completely. Untreated hard water reacts with soaps causing them to form a sticky scum, and reduces the effectiveness of the soaps ability to lather. Scale deposits forming on glassware, silverware are a sign of hard water. The most common complaint with hard water is white spotting on bath tubs, tile, glass shower doors and chrome fixtures. Scale inside the homes plumbing can also be a very costly issue if the proper steps are not taken to descale the pipes. Scale in plumbing can lead to replacement of existing plumbing in extreme cases.
What causes hard water to form scale deposits?
When scale forms, it forms because of calcium carbonate precipitating out of solution. When hard water is heated, the calcium carbonate can no longer stay dissolved and precipitates - or falls out of the water - as scale.
How come I do not see scale on my faucets when the water company tells me I have hard water?
Just having hard water doesn't mean you will have scale or even see the effects of the hard water. Your waters pH level will make a big different as to whether you see any scale or not. If your pH is below 7.0 you will see little to no scale. If your pH is above 7.0, which most city water will be, you will see scaling from the hardness in your water.
Why do people get a softener if they see no scale and just need a filter?
Carbon filters will raise the pH of your water. As a result, the increase in your pH in some cases is enough to cause scale build up you didn't have before. As such, pairing a whole house filter to a whole house softener is often the best measure to keep your house free from the effects of contaminated hard water.
What effects does hard water have on my health, plumbing, appliances, and fixtures?
Hard water is not a hazard to you health. Research by the National Research Council (National Academy of Science) has revealed that drinking hard water generally contributes a small amount toward total calcium and magnesium the human diet requires. Research has been done on the relationship between cardiovascular disease mortality and water hardness. Many studies have suggested a correlation between hard water and lower cardiovascular disease mortality. The National Research Council has recommended further studies on the relationship between hard water and cardiovascular disease mortality. Below are the benefits associated with the minerals calcium and magnesium to the human body:
Calcium: essential to bone and tooth development, blood clotting, muscle contraction, nerve transmission - may reduce heart disease.
Magnesium: neuromuscular activity of heart, energy metabolism, protein synthesis.
Household plumbing and appliances are greatly affected by hard water conditions. Some of the effects include clogged pipes, water heater inefficiency and hard scaling. Hard water is also linked to decreased water flow or pressure frozen valves and faucets, water heaters, and sinks. According to a study at New Mexico State University, commissioned by The Water Quality Research Council, water heaters operate up to 30% less efficiently when hard water scale is present. If some type of water softener device is not installed to correct the negative effects of hard water the repairs can be costly as well as a nuisance. You will pay one way or another either by repairing damaged plumbing, replacing appliances or by purchasing a solution to take care of the negative effects of hard water. The main purpose of all water softeners is to eliminate the negative side effects of hard water.
Do I need a water softener?
Most people who have hard water are generally aware that they have an issue. If you are one of the lucky ones who live in an area where there is soft water there is no need for a water softener. According to the U.S. Geological Survey, more than 85 percent of the United States geography has hard water.
If the conditions of the water require a water softener, it is best to shop around and find the best solution for your particular situation. Some things to consider if you are in the market for a water softener, does your state or county have a ban on salt water softeners, if they do have a ban consider a salt-free water softener alternative. Can you run a drain line and do you have enough space for installation? If you are looking at a traditional salt-based water softener remember that the plumbing in the kitchen for cooking and drinking should be bypassed if possible, if not possible then installing an under sink reverse osmosis filter may be your only choice. Drinking the water from a traditional salt based ion exchange water softener is not recommended for good health.
Salt Free Water Softeners offer an alternative for people who are concerned with their health and for people who are tired of dealing with the maintenance associated with traditional salt based water softeners. With the different options available today, it is quickly becoming apparent that the newer water softener technologies are playing a larger role in the market place. The internet has made it easier for people who are in the market for a water softener to explore the different options available without having to sit through a 4 hour pitch, only to be shocked by an overpriced basic water softener. The water softener business has defiantly hit a new mark and doesn't seem like it is slowing down, water is only becoming a more valuable resource every day.
What are the effects of salt on human body?
A build up of salt may cause the body to hold extra fluids in the blood and around the cells, which contributes to increased blood pressure and also excess weight gain from retaining water. The reason why water retention can be so hard to diagnose is that almost all the body's tissues have plenty of capacity to hold a little extra fluid without looking abnormal. This extra fluid is what makes one look fat. Some researchers have noted that consuming more than 2,400 mg of salt a day was associated with a 50 percent higher risk of heart disease.
For each 1,000-mg reduction in salt intake, the risk of cardiovascular mortality rose by 1 percent. Many studies have found that diets high in sodium are associated with higher blood pressure, along with an increased amount of calcium excreted in the urine. Eating less salt, some say, can therefore potentially decrease calcium loss from bone, reducing the risk of osteoporosis and bone fractures. The American Heart Association recommends that people consume no more than 2.3 grams (about 1 teaspoon) of salt per day. Many American consume an average of nine grams of salt per day with some Americans consuming 6 to 18 grams of salt on a daily basis. The fact is we all need to consume less salt on a daily basis for good health.
Glossary Of Water Terms
- Soft Water - A condition of the water in which the water contains low levels of dissolved salts or mineral solids.
- Ion Exchange - The process in which a salt-water mix is used to exchange ions between the minerals in the water and the resin in a softener to cause the minerals to stick to the resin for backwashing later.
- Water Softener - A device used to reduce, or remove minerals from the water or counteract water hardness.
- Water Conditioner - A device that counteracts the side effects of scale buildup but does not alter, remove or change the minerals in the water
- Resin - A material used in softeners to affect the state of dissolved minerals within the water through nano-technology or ion exchange.
- Nanotechnology - A process or technology that works at an atomic, or molecular level, a range between 1 and 100 nanometers, to create a structure, device or system.
- Water Filter - A device that absorbs chemical contaminates from your water such as Chlorine, Chloramines and Pesticides.
- pH - The measure of alkalinity or acidity of water, in a scale of 0-14. A pH of 7 is considered neutral.
- TDS (Total Dissolved Solids) - The total of any particulate material dissolved in water including minerals.
- GPG - Grains per gallon is the measurement of hardness in your water expressed in the grains per gallon of water. This number is normally resulted through the calculation of PPM or mG/L divided by 17.1.
- mG/L - Milligrams per liter of hardness in water.
- PPM - Another method of displaying mG/L, PPM is the same measurement but is expressed as parts per million.
- Reverse Osmosis - A separation process that uses pressure to force a solvent through a membrane that retains the solute on one side and allows the pure solvent to pass to the other side. More formally, it is the process of forcing a solvent from a region of high solute concentration through a membrane to a region of low solute concentration by applying a pressure in excess of the osmotic pressure. This is the reverse of the normal osmosis process, which is the natural movement of solvent from an area of low solute concentration, through a membrane, to an area of high solute concentration when no external pressure is applied. The membrane here is semi permeable, meaning it allows the passage of solvent but not of solute. -Wikipedia
- Magnetic Water Softening - A process in which high energy electrical fields surround a water pipe and as water flows through it, the elements (calcium and magnesium) become suspended in the water and loose their ability to stick to things. This process is temporary.